Set up a payroll formula
Helpful Hint!
If you are completing the Sage 50 Practice Set,
you are asked to set up a basic payroll formula in Sage 50.
Once you have completed the Payroll Setup wizard and you are running payroll yourself instead
of using the full service payroll solution provided by Sage, the next step is to set up your own
payroll formulas that Sage 50 will use to calculate various payoll taxes and liabilities
for your business. Note that
if you subscribe to Sage's full payroll solution,
you will be automatically provided with uptodate formulas that you can use to process your
payroll transactions. However, it is useful to understand the process of setting up
a payroll formula in Sage 50 so that you know how to do this should the need arise.
This topic shows you where and how to set up a payroll formula in Sage 50.
It also shows you how to create a basic equation that is used to calculate
the result of a payroll formula in Sage 50.
To set up a payroll formula, select the File menu
and choose Payroll Formulas and then UserMaintained from the options available.
This opens the UserMaintained Payroll Formulas window where you can enter
information about a payroll formula into Sage 50. The following screenshot and
reference table show stepbystep instructions on how to set up a simple payroll formula
using the UserMaintained Payroll Formulas window. Note that each step is assigned a
reference number to help you identify the appropriate field or icon in the screenshot
of the UserMaintained Payroll Formulas window.
The UserMaintained Payroll Formulas window with reference numbers
Step 
Sage 50 field or icon 
Action 

Formula ID 
Carefully type the short identification code of the new formula you are creating.
You should verify that the identification code does not already exist
in Sage 50 otherwise you may accidentally alter another formula. Sage 50
helps you check this by displaying a drop down list of existing formulas and
highlights the first formula starting with the identification code you
enter as you type. Once you enter a new unique identification code
no existing formula should be highlighted in this list.
Once you have checked your identification code is correct, move
to the next step by clicking the OK icon at the bottom of the
drop down list or pressing <Tab> or <Enter> on your keyboard.


Name 
Enter the name of the new formula you are creating.


How do you classify this formula? 
Select the type of the formula from the drop down list provided.
It is important that you select the correct type so that
the formula is used for its intended purpose in Sage 50.
If you are completing the Sage 50 Practice Set,
you will only have to set up a tax formula. Note that
the Tax agency field appears if you select Tax.


Tax agency 
Select the type of government the tax formula applies to. You can either select Federal,
State or Locality from the list of options available.


Effect on gross pay 
Select the effect of the calculation on gross pay.


Filing status 
Select the appropriate filing status.
If you are completing the Sage 50 Practice Set,
you are asked to create a formula that is to be used for all employees so you
should select All from the drop down list provided.


Use this formula as a filter on the Payroll Tax report

Click the box next to this item to enter a check mark if you want to use the formula
as a filter on the payroll tax report.
If you are completing the Sage 50 Practice Set,
just leave this box blank.


Formula 
Enter one or more equations you use to calculate the result of the formula.
If you are completing the Sage 50 Practice Set,
you will be given the payroll tax formula that you are required to enter into Sage 50.
To find out how you can create a basic payroll equation, refer to the
extra information below.


Once you have entered the information in the UserMaintained Payroll Formulas window, remember to
review your entries and click the Save icon to record the
formula.

Extra information on how to create a payroll formula in Sage 50
To create a formula in Sage 50, you are required to specify the variable that represents
the result of the formula and the mathematical expresions that determine how
that result is to be calculated.
A payroll formula may contain one or more equations.
A singleequation formula usually starts with the ANSWER variable that represents
the result of the formula followed by an equal sign (=) and a mathematical expression
that explains how that result is determined. The right side of the equation may show
one or more of the commonly used Sage 50 identifiers, one or more mathematical
operators (such as an asterisk * for the multiplication symbol), and one or
more other constants and variables.
An important component of any mathematical expression will be
the special identifiers that Sage 50 provides to represent important payroll
variables. For example, Sage 50 provides an identifier known as
ADJUSTED_GROSS which is the difference between the gross employee compensation
and all allowable deductions. These identifiers can then be used to calculate
other payroll variables such as benefits, deductions and taxation.
In the example below, an amount of tax is to be calculated using a Sage 50
identifier, a multiplication sign and a constant of 0.15 (being 15%). In addition,
the right side of the equation starts with a minus sign () to show that the answer
is a deduction from the payroll.
ANSWER=ADJUSTED_GROSS*0.15
So that is how to create a basic payroll formula in Sage 50. Sage 50 formulas
are powerful and can be complex. There are many more Sage 50 identifiers
available and, if necessary, you are encouraged to read Sage's own
documentation about them. However, if you are completing the
Sage 50 Practice Set, your use of the formula will
be no more difficult than illustrated here.
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